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法律風險預控警示快訊之三:
勞動用工中的知識產權保護風險提示
 
發布時間: 2013-10-28 [特大 ]

一、法律風險案例Legal risk case

1.案例介紹Case introduction

    近年來,員工侵犯商業秘密、知識產權案件逐漸增多。

    Nowadays, cases of infringement on trade secret and intellectual property by employee are gradually increasing.

    案例一:王某、張某分別于2005年、2007年入職A設計院,在職期間,王某與張某與A設計院簽署了《知識產權保護協議》。2008年,A設計院承接了“某風景區的設計項目”,王某擔任設計項目經理,張某擔任設計項目成員。設計項目完成后,王某、張某于2009年申請離職,并發起設立了B設計公司,在B設計公司網站上,刊登了“某風景區的設計項目”的一段文字內容和兩幅近似設計效果圖作為B公司設計業績宣傳材料。

    Case One: Mr. Wang and Mr. Zhang had joined Design Institute A in 2005 and 2007 respectively, and had signed Intellectual Property Protection Agreement with Design Institute A. Design Institute A undertook a design project for a scenic in 2008, Mr. Wang served as design project manager and Mr. Zhang served as a member of the design project .Upon completion of the design project, Wang and Zhang applied for dimission and established design company B by sponsorship.Then they published a paragraph of the text of the design project and two approximate design renderings as promotional materials of design results of company B.

    A設計院向法院提起訴訟,法院認定,王某與張某參加設計項目屬于職務行為,其所設計的圖紙著作權屬于A設計院所有,B設計公司在未經A設計院同意的情況下在網站上刊登設計項目效果圖,構成對A設計院侵權。故終審判決:B設計公司停止侵權、公開賠禮道歉、賠償A設計院經濟損失。

    Design Institute A filed a suitcase in a court, the court deemed that the participation of Wang and Zhang in the design project were duty acts and the copyright of design drawings made by Wang and Zhang belongs to Design Institute A. Without consent of Design Institute A , publishing of design renderings by Company B constituted infringement on Design Institute A. Thus the court made the final judgment that Company B should cease infringement, make a public apology and compensate for economic losses of Design Institute A.

    案例二:某省建設公司(以下簡稱“甲方”)委托Z設計院為其開發的“花園住宅小區”進行建筑設計,已簽訂設計合同,并支付定金,張某作為Z設計院該設計項目成員,習慣于將設計文件存儲于電子郵箱內。張某在與甲方聯系時,無意中將工作郵箱的密碼告知了甲方。在Z設計院基本完成設計圖紙時,甲方拒絕接受圖紙,而轉請Y設計院對其開發的“花園住宅小區”進行建筑設計,并向仲裁機關請求Z設計院返回定金,仲裁機關支持了甲方返回定金的請求。

    Case Two: A construction company in a province (hereinafter referred to as "Party A") commissioned Design Institute Z to conduct architecture design for a garden residential area developed by itself and both parties had signed design contract and pay the deposit.Zhang ,as a member of the design project of Design Institute Z, had been accustomed to store design documents in the e-mail. When contacting with Party A, Zhang told Party A the  passwords to the mailbox unintentionally. When the design drawings were basically completed by Design Institute Z, Party A refused to accept the design drawings and hired Design Institute Y to conduct architecture design instead. Meanwhile, Party A claimed to return the deposit with an arbitration authority. The arbitration authority supported its claim.

2.案例分析Case analysis

    以上兩個案例的特點:員工不認為參加的設計或科研項目所形成的知識產權歸用人單位所有;對用人單位的知識產權和商業秘密沒有保護意識。

    The characteristics of these two cases are that employees do not consider intellectual  property resulted from design or research projects they participated in as an ownership of employers. Besides, they have no awareness of protection to intellectual property and trade secret of employers.

二、預控風險的建議Recommendations to pre-control the risk

    為預控知識產權保護風險,經集團證劵法務部、集團人力資源部、集團科技質量部和外聘北京市明誠律師事務所和北京億中律師事務所等五個部門的相關人員共同商討,一致認為預控知識產權保護風險的建議如下:

    In order to pre-control intellectual property protection risks, after the discussion of Group Security and Legal Department, Group HR Department, Group Research and Quality Department and external law firms (Beijing Professional Business Law Office and Beijing Yizhong Law Firm),  the suggestion of pre-control intellectual property protection risks is as followed:

    1、簽署《知識產權協議》,協議中需注意以下幾點:

    The following points should be paid attention to in agreement when signing intellectual property agreement:

    1)工作中形成的知識產權(含著作權、專利權、商標權等智力成果,例如,發明創造、作品、計算機軟件等)歸用人單位所有;

    Intellectual Property resulted from working(including copyright, patent right, right of trademark in intellectual achievements, such as invention and creations, works, computer software, etc. ) shall be owned by employers.

    2)明確用人單位商業秘密的范圍(例如,涉及國家或用人單位未公開工作內容的文件、著述、經營信息、財務資料、人員資料、技術資料、計算機程序、軟件資料、知識產權資料、專有技術等);

    The scope of trade secret of employers(such as documents of undisclosed work content involving the state or employers, Writings, business information, financial information, personnel information, technical data, computer programs, software, information, intellectual property information, proprietary technology) shall be specified .

    3)明確員工的違約責任(例如,若員工違約,用人單位有權向員工追償全部經濟損失,并有權從員工的薪酬中扣除,情節嚴重者,可解除勞動合同)。

    Liability for breach of contract of employees shall be specified. For example, if employees breach contract, the employer is entitled to recover all economic losses to the employees, which could be deducted from the employee's salary. In serious cases, the employer may terminate the labor contract.

    2、加強制度建設和宣傳教育:

    Strengthen system construction and public education from the following aspects:

    1)建立健全知識產權與商業秘密保護的各項規章制度;

    Establish and improve intellectual property rights and trade secret protection regulations and systems;

    2)建立健全知識產權與商業秘密保護的各項流程;

    Establish and improve intellectual property rights and trade secret protection processes;

    3)加強對員工保護知識產權與商業秘密的思想教育。

    Enhance ideological education of intellectual property rights and trade secret protection for employees.
 
瀏覽次數:154631 [打印][關閉]文章來源:證券法務部
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設計成果交付及確認的法律風險提示

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